In most of the day to day activities, there are some things that humans must use at least once a day or even more. From household activities such as cooking, transportation and running of industries there is a wide variety for the use of oils. Therefore, an oil extraction plant is of great importance to the running of any given economy. Without oil being it that used for cooking or even powering of machinery there is stagnation of activities. In effect to this is that an oil extraction plant is very viable for any country. However, few industries engage with oil extraction obvious influenced by the availability of raw material.
The machinery and equipment required in an extraction of an oil plant at times are complex and also sophisticated. In the case of oil products used for powering machinery, there is the limitation of activities based on the availability of crude oil. Availability of crude oil under the earth crust is limited all over the world, and therefore it is not readily available. In this article, an emphasis is based on the extraction of edible oil used daily by individuals in their cooking activities.
Oil extraction plants are dealing with edible oil mostly extracted from oil seeds. There are a variety of oilseeds such as soybeans, sunflower, cottonseed and oil cakes such as mustard cake. Seed oil is very healthy for household use and other range of activities. Extraction oil plants are mostly large using a combination of equipment in making oil extraction successful.
Extraction plants are energy efficient and they major with both quantity and the quality of the end product. The plants are users friendly, and the health risks imposed while working on the industries are limited. Solvent extraction is one method used in obtaining oil from oil seeds. There are some solvents used in oil extraction plants to get the oil from the seeds. Hexane is commonly used due to its low boiling point. At the oil extraction plant as the oil seeds are received they are first crushed to increase the surface area from absorption of solvent. Air current is also passed so as to minimise the content of hulls.
There is also distillation process used in the extraction of essential oils from oil plants. This involves extraction based on variance on the boiling points. The size of an oil extraction plant depends on the quantity of raw material handled. Oil extraction is mostly carried in large quantities and therefore for large scale production, the number of activities is high.
Other than oil as the byproducts of oil seeds, there are other by-products obtained in the process. For instance, when cotton seeds are used for obtaining of oil there is the husk that is ideal for animal meals. Mostly the byproducts, especially from oil seeds, are very nutritious and high in healthy ingredients. An oil extraction plant, therefore, is not limited to the production of edible oils alone, but there are other constituents. It is simply obtaining the gold in the plants.